Dictated by the world’s escalating energy demands and the global imperative for green transition, the wind power has become one of the fastest-growing energy sources. Projections suggest that offshore wind will add between 15 to 21 GW/year from 2025 to 2030, notwithstanding the ample potential for developing countries to ride on this momentum and ramp up their local offshore markets.
There are plenty of technical difficulties along this path. Offshore structures, uncommon to most civil engineering structures, being installed in literally harsh environments, are exposed to extreme natural hazards and myriads of cycles of waves and currents. Designing for such extreme loads is in essence challenging.